An escalation of violence in the Israel-Palestine conflict during the first weeks in office of Israel’s new government resulted in dozens of deaths on both sides. 32 Palestinians were killed by Israeli forces in January, continuing the alarming trend from 2022. An Israeli army raid in which ten Palestinians were killed in Jenin refugee camp on 26 January was followed by an attack by a Palestinian gunman against a synagogue in East Jerusalem on 27 January in which seven people were killed. The raid in Jenin follows ten months of intensified Israeli army raids in the West Bank as well as violence and vandalism by settlers against Palestinian communities. In response to the raid, Palestinian authorities threatened to cut off security cooperation, and noted Israel’s repeated aggressions and undermining of signed agreements. The Israeli government likewise introduced a series of punitive measures in response to the shooting, including laws stripping rights from Palestinians and death sentences for acts of ‘terrorism.’
Cross-border violence was sparked this month as Gaza militants fired rockets into Israel for the first time since the ceasefire was implemented in August 2022. Palestinians experience persisting near-daily violence and raids by Israeli authorities, with numerous killings recorded in November.
New law imposed by Israel tightens control in West Bank. The Israeli authorities released a wide-ranging policy imposing rules, reporting requirements, and restrictions for foreigners who want to enter Palestinian areas of the West Bank, extending its control of daily life and movement in and out of the occupied territory. The list of rules targets foreigners who marry Palestinians, travel to the West Bank to work, volunteer, study or teach. The rules do not apply to people visiting Israel or the more than 130 Jewish settlements scattered across the West Bank. The legislation effectively entrenches Israel’s 55-year control over the Palestinian population in the territory.
Conflict broke out in August between Israel and Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) in a war that lasted for three days before a ceasefire was agreed. According to the United Nations, 47 Palestinians were killed, including 12 PIJ fighters, and 360 people were injured. The Palestinian deaths included 15 children and four women, according to the Palestinian Ministry of Health in Gaza. Among those Palestinians wounded, 151 were children and 56 women.