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Africa
Americas
Asia and the Pacific
Europe
Western Asia

Democracy Tracker

The Democracy Tracker provides comprehensive qualitative data on the state of democracy in 173 countries. The tool reports events that impact the relative state of democracy and human rights at the country level every month, highlighting how these events affect the Global State of Democracy’s five attributes. Click on the country hexagons below to read the most recent developments. Some country pages are in the process of being populated. Please stay tuned. *Improvements and declines are relative to each country and do not represent comparisons or rankings between countries.

positive
Taiwan Arrow Taiwan
positive
Sri Lanka Arrow Sri Lanka
positive
Philippines Arrow Philippines
positive
Romania Arrow Romania
positive
Slovenia Arrow Slovenia
positive
Tanzania Arrow Tanzania
positive
Uganda Arrow Uganda
positive
Benin Arrow Benin
positive
Ghana Arrow Ghana
positive
Saudi Arabia Arrow Saudi Arabia
negative
Australia Arrow Australia
negative
India Arrow India
negative
Pakistan Arrow Pakistan
negative
Myanmar Arrow Myanmar
negative
Bosnia and Herzegovina Arrow Bosnia and Herzegovina
negative
Azerbaijan Arrow Azerbaijan
negative
Belarus Arrow Belarus
negative
UK Arrow UK
negative
Italy Arrow Italy
negative
Nicaragua Arrow Nicaragua
negative
Haiti Arrow Haiti
negative
Mexico Arrow Mexico
negative
Brazil Arrow Brazil
negative
Colombia Arrow Colombia
negative
Zimbabwe Arrow Zimbabwe
negative
Cameroon Arrow Cameroon
negative
Palestine Arrow Palestine
negative
Algeria Arrow Algeria
negative
Egypt Arrow Egypt
negative
Tunisia Arrow Tunisia
negative
Israel Arrow Israel
Flag
May 2022

Malaysia

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Representative government
Fundamental rights
Checks on government
Impartial administration
Participatory engagement

Critical Developments This Month

Asia and the Pacific • Philippines

A Philippine tax court on 18 January acquitted Nobel Laureate and high-profile journalist Maria Ressa of four tax evasion charges, marking the end of a case that began in 2018 and which was widely believed to be politically motivated. A UN expert on freedom of expression said the acquittal signals a "victory for media freedom as well as justice." Ressa and Rappler still face three other charges, including one for cyber libel, which top UN officials and human rights advocates have urged authorities to drop.

Europe • Croatia

A decade after joining the EU, on 1 January 2023, Croatia became the 27th country to join Europe's Schengen Area, and the 20th country to have adopted the euro as its currency. Both memberships are expected to facilitate the country’s greater integration into the EU and strengthen its economy. Croatia will also be able to access Schengen monitoring, control and data exchange mechanisms. The replacement of the kuna with the euro is intended to improve the standard of living and strengthen the economy, particularly sectors such as tourism and manufacturing. While 55 per cent of Croatian citizens support the currency replacement, 80 per cent fear a rise in prices. The Governor of the Central Bank, Boris Vujcic, has said that the benefits of the Eurozone can already be felt. There were, however, reports of price gouging.

Americas • Brazil

On 8 January, supporters of former president Jair Bolsonaro stormed Congress and the seats of the executive branch and the judiciary. The government buildings were broken into and vandalized. Bolsonaro’s supporters alleged fraud in the October elections and demanded military intervention to oust President Luiz Inacio Lula Da Silva, who had taken office a week earlier. The Supreme Court has decided to investigate whether or not former president Bolsonaro was involved in inciting this attack, as well as the possible complicity of members of security forces in allowing it to happen. The Court also issued arrest warrants against two top security officials for their apparent collusion. Over a thousand protesters were arrested, many of whom have been charged with crimes and are now awaiting trial. 

Africa • Benin

Benin’s legislative elections on 8 January were closely watched as an indicator of the country’s democratic trajectory. Opposition parties had been prevented from participating in the last legislative elections in 2019, however five opposition parties were on the ballot in 2023. Most notably, the Democrats overcame procedural hurdles and won 28 seats in the 109-seat parliament. The two parties allied with President Talon, the Republican Bloc and the Progressive Union for Renewal, won 28 and 53 seats, respectively. Women’s representation also improved, with 28 women taking seats in the new parliament, 22 more than before. Opposition parties have levied accusations of electoral fraud. Observers from the Economic Community of West African States noted that the election was ‘conducted in a calm and peaceful atmosphere.’ Unlike the 2019 election, there was no violence, and no shutdown of the Internet. Turnout was reported to be 38.6 per cent of the registered voters. This is a significant increase from the 27.2 per cent who voted in 2019.

About the Global State of Democracy Initiative

International IDEA launched the Global State of Democracy (GSoD) Initiative in 2016. This Initiative provides evidence-based and balanced analysis and data on the state and quality of democracy globally and for 173 countries across all regions of the world. It aims to contribute to the public debate on democracy and inform policy interventions to strengthen democracy.

Monthly Updates

See all the information related to countries that have updates this month.

Asia and the Pacific

neutral
Arrow AFG
negative
Arrow AUS
neutral
Arrow BGD
without report
Arrow BTN
without report
Arrow CHN
neutral
Arrow FJI
without report
Arrow IDN
negative
Arrow IND
without report
Arrow JPN
neutral
Arrow KAZ
without report
Arrow KGZ
without report
Arrow KHM
without report
Arrow KOR
without report
Arrow LAO
positive
Arrow LKA
without report
Arrow MDV
negative
Arrow MMR
without report
Arrow MNG
without report
Arrow MYS
without report
Arrow NPL
neutral
Arrow NZL
negative
Arrow PAK
positive
Arrow PHL
without report
Arrow PNG
neutral
Arrow PRK
without report
Arrow SGP
without report
Arrow SLB
without report
Arrow THA
without report
Arrow TJK
neutral
Arrow TKM
without report
Arrow TLS
positive
Arrow TWN
without report
Arrow UZB
neutral
Arrow VNM
without report
Arrow VUT
View all

Africa

without report
Arrow AGO
without report
Arrow BDI
positive
Arrow BEN
without report
Arrow BFA
without report
Arrow BWA
without report
Arrow CAF
without report
Arrow CIV
negative
Arrow CMR
without report
Arrow COD
without report
Arrow COG
without report
Arrow COM
without report
Arrow CPV
without report
Arrow DJI
negative
Arrow DZA
negative
Arrow EGY
without report
Arrow ERI
without report
Arrow ETH
without report
Arrow GAB
positive
Arrow GHA
without report
Arrow GIN
without report
Arrow GMB
without report
Arrow GNB
neutral
Arrow GNQ
without report
Arrow KEN
without report
Arrow LBR
without report
Arrow LBY
without report
Arrow LSO
without report
Arrow MAR
without report
Arrow MDG
without report
Arrow MLI
without report
Arrow MOZ
without report
Arrow MRT
without report
Arrow MUS
without report
Arrow MWI
without report
Arrow NAM
without report
Arrow NER
without report
Arrow NGA
without report
Arrow RWA
without report
Arrow SDN
without report
Arrow SEN
without report
Arrow SLE
without report
Arrow SOM
without report
Arrow SSD
neutral
Arrow SWZ
without report
Arrow TCD
without report
Arrow TGO
negative
Arrow TUN
positive
Arrow TZA
positive
Arrow UGA
without report
Arrow ZAF
without report
Arrow ZMB
negative
Arrow ZWE
View all

Europe

without report
Arrow ALB
without report
Arrow ARM
without report
Arrow AUT
negative
Arrow AZE
without report
Arrow BEL
without report
Arrow BGR
negative
Arrow BIH
negative
Arrow BLR
without report
Arrow CHE
without report
Arrow CYP
neutral
Arrow CZE
neutral
Arrow DEU
neutral
Arrow DNK
neutral
Arrow ESP
without report
Arrow EST
without report
Arrow FIN
neutral
Arrow FRA
negative
Arrow GBR
without report
Arrow GEO
without report
Arrow GRC
neutral
Arrow HRV
without report
Arrow HUN
without report
Arrow IRL
without report
Arrow ISL
negative
Arrow ITA
without report
Arrow KSV
without report
Arrow LTU
without report
Arrow LUX
without report
Arrow LVA
without report
Arrow MDA
without report
Arrow MKD
neutral
Arrow MLT
without report
Arrow MNE
without report
Arrow NLD
without report
Arrow NOR
without report
Arrow POL
without report
Arrow PRT
positive
Arrow ROU
without report
Arrow RUS
without report
Arrow SRB
without report
Arrow SVK
positive
Arrow SVN
neutral
Arrow SWE
neutral
Arrow TUR
neutral
Arrow UKR
View all

Western Asia

without report
Arrow ARE
without report
Arrow BHR
neutral
Arrow IRN
without report
Arrow IRQ
negative
Arrow ISR
without report
Arrow JOR
without report
Arrow KWT
without report
Arrow LBN
without report
Arrow OMN
negative
Arrow PSE
without report
Arrow QAT
positive
Arrow SAU
without report
Arrow SYR
without report
Arrow YEM
View all

Americas

neutral
Arrow ARG
without report
Arrow BOL
negative
Arrow BRA
without report
Arrow BRB
neutral
Arrow CAN
without report
Arrow CHL
negative
Arrow COL
without report
Arrow CRI
without report
Arrow CUB
without report
Arrow DOM
without report
Arrow ECU
without report
Arrow GTM
without report
Arrow GUY
without report
Arrow HND
negative
Arrow HTI
without report
Arrow JAM
negative
Arrow MEX
negative
Arrow NIC
without report
Arrow PAN
neutral
Arrow PER
without report
Arrow PRY
without report
Arrow SLV
without report
Arrow SUR
neutral
Arrow TTO
without report
Arrow URY
neutral
Arrow USA
without report
Arrow VEN
View all
Flag
May 2022

Malaysia

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Proin consequat augue non efficitur fermentum. Proin eu...

Representative government
Fundamental rights
Checks on government
Impartial administration
Participatory engagement

Funders and Donors

The European Union Federal Ministry for Economic Coorperation and Development Robert Bosch Stiftung
The Global State of Democracy Initiative is also supported by contributions of International IDEA Member States