In western Canada, agreements between Indigenous Nations and stakeholders will increase the former’s participation in decision-making regarding development projects that directly impact their resources and lands. The Yaq̓it ʔa·knuqⱡi ‘it (YQT) community from British Columbia and mining company NWP Coal Canada have agreed that the former’s leadership will be able to veto and act as regulator of a development project involving a proposed metallurgical coalmine, valued at 400 million Canadian dollars. Also in British Columbia, the Blueberry River First Nations community and the provincial government agreed to strengthen protections to the environment and restrictions to extraction projects, as well as the establishment of a restoration fund to address the impact of the extraction industry in the Indigenous Nation’s lands.
Alberta has approved a law (Alberta Sovereignty within a United Canada Act) that would enable it to ignore federal laws and regulations not accepted by the province or considered harmful to its interests. The administration of Danielle Smith, the province's premier, has argued the act could be implemented in areas such as public health, and oil and environmental policy, in which disagreements with Ottawa have been notable. Critics have underscored that the implementation of this law could imperil legislation regarding Indigenous Peoples’ rights and treaty rights, yet many critics and constitutional experts also consider that the act is unlikely to overcome a constitutional challenge in the courts.